Thinking of my own beginnings, beekepers’ advice and implementing my current experience, I will try to help young beekeepers start practicing this branch of agriculture. Every beginning is hard, so is this one. It requires, at the beginning as well as later, constant learning and improvement.
When you have decided to start with beekeeping, the first step is to get beehives or so-called colonies. At the beginning, considering that young beekeepers do not have much experience, it is advisable not to start with many beehives. On the other hand, it is as bad to start with only one. In my opinion, an ideal number is between 2 to 5 colonies. Five colonies would be a maximum, and 2 colonies a minimum. I started with two, but I think that it is best to start with 3.
Why you should not start with many beehives? Above all because you are young and inexperienced beekeeper and taking care of many beehives is not so simple. In order to learn faster, you should spend more time at your apiary and follow closely what is going on. In case the number of colonies is large, this is much harder.
If you nevertheless start with only one beehive, it can also have disadvantages, since it is possible that it perishes because of an illness, predators attack, human negligence or winter conditions. It often happens even to more experienced beekeepers, so the percentage is much higher in novices. If your colony has perished, and it is the only one you had, it is quite possible that you would give up beekeeping after this first attempt.
There is no guarantee in the world of beekeeping, so one colony does not guarantee that you will certainly fail, and as much as 10 colonies that you will succeed. It is important to have will, to persist and, naturally, to love bees and the rest will come by itself...